In compliance with the Constitution of Georgia, the President of Georgia shall be the Head of State of Georgia, which shall lead and exercise the internal and foreign policy of the state. He/she shall ensure the unity and integrity of the country and the activity of the state bodies in accordance with the Constitution. The President of Georgia shall be the higher representative of Georgia in foreign relations.
The Constitution of Georgia empowers the President of Georgia with a diversity of permissions and charges. Particularly, in compliance with the Constitution, the President of Georgia shall:
Conclude international agreements and treaties, negotiate with foreign states; appoint and dismiss ambassadors and other diplomatic representatives of Georgia by the consent of the Parliament; accredit ambassadors and other diplomatic representatives of foreign states and international organizations.
(The Law of Georgia on "Georgia's International Agreements", the Law of Georgia on "Diplomatic Service").
Conclude constitutional agreement with the Apostle Autocephalous Orthodox Church of Georgia on the behalf of the state of Georgia;
Appoint the Prime Minister; give the Prime Minister consent to appoint members of the Government - Ministers;
Be entitled to dissolve the Government, dismiss the Ministers of Internal Affairs, Defense and Minister of Justice of Georgia on his/her own initiative or in other cases envisaged by the Constitution;
Accept resignation of the Government, member of the Government and other officials as determined by law, shall be entitled to require the Government, a member of the Government to perform their official duties until the appointment of new composition of the Government or a new member of the Government;
Give consent to the Government to submit the State Budget of Georgia to the Parliament; ("Concerning the Budgetary System of Georgia" Law of Georgia);
Submit officials to the Parliament appoint and dismiss them, in the cases and in accordance with the procedure defined in the Constitution and law;
Declare a martial law ("Concerning Martial Law" Law of Georgia), in case of armed attack on Georgia, make peace when appropriate conditions exist and submit decisions to the Parliament for approval within 48 hours;
In the case of war or mass disorder, infringement upon the territorial integrity of the country, coup d'etat, armed insurrection, ecological disasters, epidemics or in other cases, when state bodies are unable to normally exercise their Constitutional powers, shall declare a state of emergency ("Concerning the State of Emergency" Law of Georgia) throughout the whole territory of the country or a certain part thereof and submit this decision to the Parliament within 48 hours for approval. In the case of emergency issue decrees having the force of law, which shall remain in force until the end of the state of emergency, shall take emergency measures. The decrees shall be submitted to the Parliament when it is assembled. Emergency authorities shall apply only to the territory where the state of emergency is declared for the reasons mentioned in the present paragraph;
Be entitled to constrain permissions and charges listed in the articles 18, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 30, 33 and 41 of the Constitution of Georgia in the case of state of emergency or martial law. The President of Georgia should submit this decision to the Parliament within 48 hours for approval;
By the consent of the Parliament, be entitled to suspend the activity of the institutions of self-government or other representative bodies of territorial units or dismiss them if their activity endangers the sovereignty, territorial integrity of the country or the exercise of constitutional authority of state bodies;
Issue decrees and orders ("Concerning Standard Acts" Law of Georgia) on the basis of the Constitution and law;
Decide about the matters of citizenship ("Concerning Georgian Citizenship" Organic Legislation of Georgia, "Concerning consideration and decision procedure statement approval" order of the President of Georgia issued on January 30, 2009 order # 34), granting asylum ("Concerning Legal Status of Foreigners" Law of Georgia) order of the President of Georgia issued on January 26, 2006, order # 89.
Decide about the matters of sheltering (order #387 of the President of Georgia issued on June 25, 1998 on "concerning the issues of sheltering of foreigners").
Award state honors ("Concerning Awarding of state honors" Law of Georgia, order of the President of Georgia issued on May 7, 2005, order # 321) "Concerning the Commission existing at the President, considering issues of honorary citizenship, state honors, premiums, honorary titles awarding and endowment with weapon" Law of Georgia), higher diplomatic ranks ("Concerning Special titles and diplomatic ranks" Law of Georgia);
Grant pardon to convicted persons ("Concerning the procedure of pardon" order #277 issued by the President of Georgia on July 19, 2004, "Concerning creation of pardon commission" order #212 issued on June 10, 2004);
Dissolve the Parliament in accordance with the procedure and in cases established by the Constitution;
From the dissolution of the Parliament to the first convocation of the newly elected Parliament, in the exclusive cases, be entitled to issue a decree having the force of law on tax and budgetary issues, which shall be invalid in case it is not approved by the newly elected Parliament within a month from the first convocation;
Be entitled to appoint the Prime Minister and give his/her consent for the appointment of the ministers under the circumstances defined in subparagraphs "a"-"d" of Article 511 in case of non-declaration of confidence to the composition of the Government by the Parliament within a term established by the Constitution. Within a month from the end of the above-mentioned circumstances the President shall re-submit the composition of the Government to the Parliament for confidence;
In compliance with the Constitution of Georgia, the President of Georgia shall be the Higher Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces of Georgia ("Concerning Defense" Law of Georgia). He/she shall appoint the members of the National Security Council, appoint and dismiss the head of general staff of the armed forces of Georgia and other commanders;
Approves the structure and regulations of armed forces, submits for approval to the Parliament of Georgia military doctrine of Georgia and conception projects of Georgian military forces revival;
Approves plans of revival, usage and mobilization of military forces of Georgia, as well as plans of economic mobilization of Georgia;
Approves military-strategically plan of the territory of Georgia and country's civil defense plan;
Appoints and dismisses the Prosecutor General of Georgia by the recommendation of the Minister of Justice of Georgia.
The President shall schedule the date of elections of the Parliament and representative bodies in accordance with the procedure prescribed by law.
The President of Georgia shall be authorized to suspend or abrogate acts of the Government and the bodies of the executive power, if they are in contradiction with the Constitution of Georgia, international treaties and agreements, laws and the normative acts of the President.
Except the Acts issued by the Minister of Justice and the authorized officials of the Prosecutor's Office of Georgia concerning the authorization for carrying out prosecution activities.
President of Georgia shall be authorized to address the people and the Parliament. Once a year he/she shall submit a report to the Parliament on the most important state issues.
At the request of the Parliament of Georgia, of not less than 200,000 electors or on his/her own initiative the President of Georgia shall schedule a referendum concerning the issues determined by the Constitution and the Organic Law within 30 days after receiving such a request.
The President shall exercise other powers determined by the Constitution and law.
The Constitution of Georgia ascertains charges of the President of Georgia, also the procedure of his dismissal:
The President of Georgia shall enjoy personal immunity. While holding his/her position, his/her detention or proceeding shall be impermissible.
In case of the violation of the Constitution, commission of high treason and other criminal offence, the Parliament shall be authorized to dismiss the President in accordance with a procedures of Article 63 of the Constitution and in accordance with a procedures determined by the Organic Law if:
The violation of the Constitution is confirmed by a judgment of the Constitutional Court; Corpus delicate of high treason and other criminal offence is confirmed by a conclusion of the Supreme Court.
In case of inability to discharge the authority of the President of Georgia or pre-term termination of his/her office, the President of the Parliament shall exercise the responsibilities of the President of Georgia, whereas in case the President of the Parliament is unable to discharge the authority of the President of Georgia, as well as if the Parliament is dissolved the Prime Minister shall exercise the responsibilities of the President of Georgia. During the period of discharging the authority of the President of Georgia by the President of the Parliament, one of the Vice-Presidents shall perform the duties of the President of the Parliament. During the period of discharging the authority of the President of Georgia by the Prime Minister a member of the Government having the authority of the Vice-Prime Minister shall perform the duties of the Prime Minister.